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Within the realm of Christianity, there are two main views concerning God. The Trinitarian point of view believes that there is One God in three persons, and three persons in One God; all being truly distinct from one another; co-equal, co-eternal, and co-existent. “The Trinity is the term employed to signify the central doctrine of the Christian religion— the truth that in the unity of the Godhead there are Three Persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, these Three Persons being truly distinct one from another.” – (The dogma of the Trinity – Catholic Encyclopedia online @ newadvent.org).
The Oneness, or Apostolic point of view is that there is One God and Father of all. God, who is a Spirit, overshadowed Mary and she conceived Jesus Christ, who was proclaimed to the world as The Son of God. Jesus became the visible manifestation of the invisible God. Jesus still abides with us, comforts us, and empowers us today through the indwelling of The Holy Spirit. These are not three separate and distinct persons, but rather three expressions of the One God of the bible. He is Father in creation, Son in redemption, and Holy Spirit in regeneration.
It is important to note that the New Testament church began in approximately 33AD. The dogma of The Trinity was not officially developed as doctrine until 325AD, and later revised in 381AD. (See New Catholic Encyclopedia, 1977, vol. 13, pg. 1021 & American Encyclopedia Dictionary, pg 4189) It is also important to note that neither Jesus, the prophets, nor the apostles ever mentioned the terms, “The Trinity”, “One God in three persons”, “God the Son”, or “God the Holy Ghost”. Jewish believers and early Christians were Monotheistic: they believed in One God who cannot be divided and cannot have and equal:
Deuteronomy 6: 4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:
Isaiah 46: 5 To whom will ye liken me, and make me equal, and compare me, that we may be like? (See also Isaiah 42: 8)
Ephesians 4: 6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all…
In short, the Trinitarian belief is that God was a SEPERATE PERSON from Christ; sending the Son down to earth. The Apostolic belief is that God was IN Christ, reconciling the world to himself. While both viewpoints believe Jesus to be Deity and to be the Son of God, Trinitarians believe He was “God the Son” in human flesh. The Apostolic belief is that Jesus was the revelation of God the Father in human flesh: God Himself came down to dwell among men through the person of Jesus Christ.
If He was GOD THE SON, a separate and co-equal person, then the controversy is over, and The Trinity exists. However, if Jesus was the human manifestation of GOD THE FATHER, The Trinitarian doctrine has to crumble, and it should be forever settled that God is One.
In the Bible, when the word, “God”, is mentioned, it speaks of “The Father”. If you read these four scriptures, substituting “The Father” for “God”, it may make easier to understand who Jesus was:
Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God (The Father) with us. KJV
1 Timothy 3: 16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God (The Father) was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. KJV
1 John 3:16 Hereby perceive we the love of God (The Father), because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren. KJV
Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God (The Father), which he hath purchased with his own blood. KJV
Here is another very simple method of understanding the Oneness of God:
1. There is only one God. Isaiah 45: 5 ; Malachi 2: 10
2. God was manifest in the flesh. 1 Timothy 3:16;John 1: 1,10,14
3. Jesus is God. Matthew 1: 23; John 10: 31 – 33; John 20: 28
Jesus was the personification (manifestation) of the one and only God